So what is “climate change”?

Well, it is a change in the average conditions of temperature and rainfall in a region for a long period of time. That includes warming temperature, change in precipitation as well as the effects of “Global Warming”.

Environmental issues are currently indulging almost the entire world and it is rapidly being affected by these changes. Floods, storms and torrential rains have wreaked havocs. All of these results are these problems are result of individual shortcomings; developed industrialised countries have a large share in the growing environmental problems.

Climate Change is not only changing duration of the seasons but also affecting the planets water system and agricultural sector. Another major problem is “Global Warming”, which is changing natural form of atmosphere. Rapid changes in natural environment are causing glacier melts as temperature rises!

“Pakistan” is among the top 10 countries facing severe environmental problems. According to a 2019 report by the “German Environmental Think Tank”, climate change in Pakistan has killed around 10,000 people in the last two decades and the latest damage to the country’s economy has been around 3.8 billion, according to a recent report by “German Watchdog”. Pakistan is among the countries which are most affected by Climate Change, according to the “Global Climate Risk Index” 2020 report. According to a report, Pakistan is ranked 5th among countries that are most affected by climate change during the last 20 years from 1999 to 2018.

Pakistan has experienced a number of natural disasters since last 10 years, including the worst floods, rains and heatstroke after which it has been predicted that if it does not develop an effective strategy to tackle climate change, the country may suffer from droughts because as a nation we are running out of water reserves while rising temperatures are a huge threat to the survival of thousands of frozen membranes in Pakistan. On the other hand the country’s agriculture and agricultural production is also being affected.

According to a recent survey conducted by the “International Organization”, Pakistan is not ready to deal with the effects of climate change because of not having resources. While if the situation stays the same an adverse effect of sea level is expected to rise on Pakistan coast. The rising sea will increase the salinity of estuaries, coastal wetlands and disrupt marine life while possibly threatening the surface. It will cause flooding on the lowlands.

In order to stop Global warming, we need to take initiatives such as using renewable energy as a source of power. Invest in energy-efficient appliances and reduce water wastage. As we need to realize our mistakes before it’s too late to do something!


Year 10 – Abdul Kabeer